SEA OF GREEN - Cannabis Growing Guide
Sea of Green (SOG) is the theory of harvesting lots of small plants, matured
early to get the fastest production of buds available. Instead of growing a few
plants for a longer period of time, in the same space many smaller plants are
grown that mature faster and in less time. Thus, less time is required between
crops. This is important to you when the electricity bill comes each month. One
crop can be started while another is maturing, and a continuous harvest, year
round can be maintained. 4 plants per square foot will be a good start for
seedlings. 1 plant per square foot will allow plenty of room for each plant to
grow a large top cola, but will not allow for much bottom branching. This is OK
since indoors, these bottom branches are always shaded anyway, and will not grow
very well unless given additional light and space. The indoor grower quickly
realizes that plants that are too tall do not produce enough at the bottom to
make the extra growing time used worth while. An exception to this rule would be
if it is intended the plants are to go outside at some point, and it is expected
that the light/shading issue will not be a factor at that point.
The plants, if started at the same time, should create what is called a
"green canopy" that traps most of the light at the top level of the
plants. Little light will penetrate below this level, since the plants are so
close together. The gardener is attempting to concentrate on the top of the
plant, and use the light and space to the best advantage, in as little time as
possible. Use of nylon poultry fence or similar trellising laid out over the
green canopy will support the plants as they start to droop under the weight of
heavy fruiting tops. Stakes can be used too, but are not as easy to install for
plants in the middle and back of the room, where reach is more difficult.
It is easy to want big plants, since they will produce more yield per plant,
but it is usually better with limited space to grow smaller plants that mature
faster and pack into smaller spaces. Sea of Green was developed in Holland.
Instead of fitting 4 large plants in that small room, fit 12 small ones on a
shelf above 12 other small plants. These plants take only 3-4 months to mature
from germination to ripe buds, and harvesting takes place constantly, since
there is both a vegetative and flowering area devoted to each, with harvests
every 45-60 days.
It is not the size of the plant, but the maturity and quality of the product
that counts. Twice as many plants grown half as big will fill the grow space
twice as fast, so harvests take place almost twice as often. Get good at picking
early flowering plants, and propagate only those that are of the best quality.
6" square containers will allow for 4 plants per square foot. You may
also gauge by the size of your growing tray (for passive hydroponics); I like
kitty litter boxes. ($3 each at Target) Planted 4 per square foot, (for
vegatative seedlings) a 12 sq. ft. closet will hold 48 seedlings on one shelf.
In my case, I use 4" rockwool cubes that fit into kitty litter pans @ 12
cubes per pan. I can get 5 pans onto a 12 sq. ft. closet upper shelf, so that is
60 seedlings on one small shelf!
For flowering indoors, 1 plant per sq. ft. is a good rule of thumb for SOG.
If less plants are grown in this size space, it will take them longer to fill
the space, thus more electricity and time will be used to create the same amount
of product. If more than one plant p.s.f. is attempted, the grower will soon
find that plants thus crowded tend to be more stem than bud, and the total
harvest may be reduced, so be cautious.
It is good to avoid "topping" your plants if you want them to grow
as fast as possible. It is better just to grow 2 or 4 times more plants, since
they will produce more, faster, in the same space. Also, "training"
plants with twist-ties is a great way to get them to bush out a bit. Just take
any type of plastic or paper twist tie and wrap it around the top of the plant,
then pull it over until the top is bent over 90-180 degrees and then attach this
to the main stem lower on the plant. Do this for one week and then release the
plant from it is bond. The plant can be trained in this fashion to take less
vertical space and to grow bushier, to fill the grow space and force lower limbs
to grow upward and join the green canopy. This technique takes advantage of the
fact that if the top is pulled over, it creates a hormonal condition in the
plant that makes it bush out at all lower internodes.
Sea of Green entails growing to harvest the main cola (top) of the plant.
Bottom branches are trimmed to increase air flow under the "blanket"
of growing tops. Use these cuttings for clones, as they are the easiest part of
the plant to root. It is also the fastest part of the plant to regenerate after
flowering has occurred.